Login

Old Russian town Saransk – the capital of Mordovia

Old Russian town Saransk – the capital of Mordovia Old Russian town Saransk – the capital of Mordovia

Since 1934 Saransk is the capital of Mordovia Republic, it has inherited the history of all state formations that existed on this territory before. Originally Saransk didn't have a status of a town like the most part of all Old Russian towns. There was just a small wooden fortress, which was included in huge defensive construction, so-called Atemar Zasechnaya Cherta. It has been built since 1638 to 1653 along the conventional line from Belgorod to Simbirsk.

Old Russian town Saransk  the capital of Mordovia 2

The first inhabitants of a small Saransk outpost were not only Russian Cossacks, riflemen and artillerists, but also local people, mostly Tatars, Erzians, and Russian migrants, who, as a rule, settled near fortifications and were engaged in crafts, trade and fishing, so the soldiers were supplied with everything whatever is required. According to the historic documents, among the defense functions of the Saransk fortress, it controlled shipping traffic along a small river Insar that was a tributary of Volga river.

Old Russian town Saransk  the capital of Mordovia 3

However, Saransk reached its economic and cultural flourishing only in the middle of XVIII century, when it had lost its defensive and military importance. The local people became involved in trade and crafts more. A fair was carried out twice or three times a year. Usually people traded wholesale parties of grain, hemp, wood, leather also they sold local honey and meat.

Old Russian town Saransk  the capital of Mordovia 4

A reason for such rapid growth was the geographical position of the town that was located on a crossroad of two trade routes: Astrakhan – Moscow and Crimea – Kazan. These two trade routes were very valuable for the economy of the Russian state. Taking into account this fact, it's easy to explain why Emelian Pugachev and Stepan Razin supply centres were located here.

Old Russian town Saransk  the capital of Mordovia 5

Nowadays Saransk is a modern town in the central part of Russia. It has a developed infrastructure and, it is both cultural and religious centre of Mordovia Republic.

Comments (0)

There are no comments posted here yet

Leave your comments

  1. Posting comment as a guest. Sign up or login to your account.
Attachments (0 / 3)
Share Your Location
back to top

Read also

Interesting Places Asia

Pristine District Motu

If you love adventure and unknown places, the Motuo District, which is located in China, this is the place you...

Interesting Places Africa

Ghadames is a libyan oasis-town

Libyan oasis town of Ghadames is also has a rich cultural-historical heritage with its quite unusually beautiful architecture, preserved to...

Resorts Asia

The underwater restaurant Ithaa

Probably everyone at least once been in a restaurant in my life. But not everyone can imagine a restaurant that...

Interesting facts

Lenticular clouds over Kluchevskoy

All we know is unique in its nature part of Russia is Kamchatka Peninsula. Here you can see a huge...

Tourism and winter trips

Tourism and spring trips

Tourism and summer trips

Tourism and autumn trips