Despite a few small age of Manu National Park, and it was officially formed in 1977, Manu Park was among the largest national parks in the world and not only in the occupied area, but also by the number of flora and fauna living and growing on its territory.
It's pretty impressive numbers, because when an area of over twenty million hectares in the Park of Manu are more than 15,000 species of plants and lives about a thousand species of birds, rare reptiles and other animals. It is worth noting that only in the Manu National Park Inca frog population lives, which is listed in the World Red Book. Given these circumstances, in 1987 the national park was awarded World Heritage Site.
Also worth noting, and some rather peculiar record set by American biologists in 1982 when visiting one of the many areas of the national park. Researchers traveling during daylight hours in the district Koch Kacha, counted 331 species of birds, which is quite difficult to find in any other reserve in the world.
The structure of the Manu National Park is divided into three main parts. The first of these is the so-called «transitional or cultural zone», which covers an area of 120 thousand hectares and is the area that can be freely visited by tourists unaccompanied instructors. The zone begins at the border of the river basin of Madre de Dios and the foothills of the Andes. Furthermore, this part of the national park inhabited as indigenous people of Peru, and immigrants from other regions of the country. Basically, this part of the population is engaged in agriculture, livestock and logging.
The remaining area of the National Park of Manu, and the so-called «reserved area Manu» and «The bulk of the Park of Manu» is closed to public access by tourists and are reserved, and grow where the main types of unique plants listed in the World Red Book.