Login

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut-Cale

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut-Cale The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut-Cale

Not far from Bakhchisarai there ruins of a medieval fortress of Calais. The city originated in the V century. City served as a fortress on the border of the Byzantine Empire for protection from the raids of the nomadic peoples of Crimea. The city was inhabited mainly Alans. Later a fortress captured and renamed it kypchaki Kirk-Ep.

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut Cale 2

At the end of the XIII century, the city seized and looted the Horde and to the XIV century it was depending on the Crimean Yurt Golden Horde. After the formation of the Crimean Khanate castle became the seat of Khan Haji Giray 1. In the XVII century it was renamed in Chufut-Cale. It contained important prisoners, and settled Mint.

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut Cale 3

In the fortress lived at that time only the Karaites and Krymchaks, since they were not allowed to settle in other cities. The Karaites were mainly engaged in various crafts and trade. They are actively traded with Bakhchisarai, but the evening went from the capital, where they were forbidden to sleep. With the annexation of Crimea to the Russian Empire we gave these people the freedom of settlement, and they left the city, leaving only the family caretaker.

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut Cale 4

To get to the city is possible through the large or small gate. On the main street of the city was left deep ruts from carts at the time. Now, some washed away by rain and they were about half a meter deep. Once Chufut-Calewas a big city, there were about 500 estates. In 1896, the Karaites have built for the royal family's palace, which was destroyed in 1930. Currently, the city has a residential manor in which Museum of History is located. In it you will meet hospitable hosts who are happy to take any tourist.

The ruins of the medieval fortress of Chufut Cale 5

Average gate of the new town is separated from the old. Old Town before inhabited the Crimean Tatars, the Karaites also settled outside the city walls. The old town is a siege well. This well over the years has been swamped, it cleared in 2002 alone. Well Chufut-Caleis very deep and it is necessary to descend the spiral staircase.

Comments (0)

There are no comments posted here yet

Leave your comments

Posting comment as a guest. Sign up or login to your account.
Attachments (0 / 3)
Share Your Location
back to top

Read also

Interesting facts

Triple Bridge

The official name of these hydraulic structures is the Triple Bridge. Thus, native Petersburgers call bridges connecting three small islands...

Attractions Europe

Upside down house in Hamburg

Dirk Oster, who is the developer from Hamburg, gave the zoo home. Available in all, with one small exception -...

Interesting Places Asia

Charming oasis in the middle of the Arab…

Between XVIII-II centuries BC, Petra was a rich, prosperous edge because lying at the crossroads of trade routes between the...

Interesting Places Europe

A Journey into the World of Sculptures b…

Many of us remember such a comparison that if, while making a trip around the Louvre, you should stop at...

Tourism and winter trips

Tourism and spring trips

Tourism and summer trips

Tourism and autumn trips