It so happened historically, but one of the major historical and cultural centers of Russia Nizhny Novgorod, since 1959 until 1991, has been completely closed to foreign tourists. This feature of the city was due to the fact that on its territory and the surrounding area has been focused quite a large number of industrial enterprises had military significance for our country.
This famous Gorky Automobile Plant, shipbuilding plant «Red Sormovo» backsides and aircraft «Falcon», which in addition to civilian products manufactured products of a defensive nature.
Given this circumstance, the closed city, Nizhny Novgorod, and in those years the city of Gorky, the Soviet state is elected this city for many links Soviet dissidents of the time. In particular, from 1980 to 1986 in Nizhny Novgorod, he was serving his political isolation of Andrei Sakharov, outstanding Russian physicist and Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1975 and one of the creators of the hydrogen bomb.
It should also be noted that its «Soviet name» Gorky, Nizhny Novgorod wore quite a long time. In 1932 to perpetuate the memory of outstanding Russian writer Maxim Gorky, Nizhny Novgorod by the decision of the government of the USSR was renamed the city of Gorky, as it was the city of Nizhny Novgorod, where he was born and spent his teenage years a great writer.
However, despite all these historical vicissitudes of Nizhny Novgorod has been and remains a cultural and historical center of Russia, in fact founded in 1221 it has kept in itself all its long history, both in numerous architectural artifacts and historical documents that are stored in the museums of Lower Novgorod. So if you are thinking to visit the millionth city located on the banks of the great Russian river Volga and Oka flows into it, be sure that a large number of impressions you provided.