Login

Unconquered Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

Unconquered Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin Unconquered Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

At the present time, practically to every person living in Russia, and far beyond its borders, the powerful and majestic Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is famous. But not everyone knows that this grandiose construction began, from a tree-earthen mound, which was oval in shape and framed one of the Dyatlovy Mountains.

Such a structure was created to protect the population living throughout the district. After the construction was completed, people from all surrounding villages flocked here during the enemy attacks. And for them special barracks were provided here. Also on the territory of the ancient Kremlin were the Mikhailo-Arkhangelsk and Spaso-Preobrazhensky cathedrals - these were the main temples of the city.

As already mentioned, initially, the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was wooden, but later there was a real need to create a stone fortification. And in 1365, Prince Boris Konstantinovich began the construction of a new Kremlin, which was already built of stone. Work on the construction of the fortification was then stopped, then again began.

After Boris Konstantinovich the Kremlin was continued to build by his brother Dmitry Konstantinovich. However, the work was still carried out intermittently. And only in 1509 by the order of Prince Vasily Ivanovich Moskovsky, the building of the fortification went much faster. Here were sent the architect-Italian Peter Fryazin, as well as a huge number of masters from Pskov.

After the completion of the construction, the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin numbered thirteen towers, which were located in the lines of the walls, and the fourteenth tower was a drain, pentagonal in terms of a strelnitsa. It was connected to the Dmitrovsky Gate by a stone bridge. The walls of the Kremlin were also particularly strong. These were walls with a thickness of four to five meters, erected on monolithic tape foundations. Moreover, the masonry of the walls was spilled with lime mortar, which gave it additional strength. During the entire existence of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin, he was never captured by the enemy.

Last modified onWednesday, 27 December 2017 13:55

Comments (0)

There are no comments posted here yet

Leave your comments

  1. Posting comment as a guest. Sign up or login to your account.
Attachments (0 / 3)
Share Your Location
back to top

Read also

Blog

Journey to the world of swimming pools

In not so far away, the presence of a home pool was almost beyond reach, and the world of water...

Resorts Europe

Ammonite Beach near Lyme Regis

This unusual beach is in England, in the county of West Dorset far from the small village of Lyme Regis...

Attractions Europe

Valaam Island

For the first time, the people on the Valaam island appeared in the X century. The date of foundation of...

Interesting facts

Glass Beach or natural golyshiki

Glass Beach or Bay Glass is located in the Primorsky region of Russia, in the Ussuri Bay. At first glance...

Tourism and winter trips

Tourism and spring trips

Tourism and summer trips

Tourism and autumn trips