Saida, Sidon or the third largest city in Lebanon. It is situated 20 miles from Tyre and 25 miles from Beirut on the Mediterranean coast of the laity. In addition, it Sidon is one of the oldest cities in Phoenicia.
The X-IX centuries BC This city was considered the largest shopping center of the then world. The city has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The archaeological site of the ancient city were found numerous stone artifacts of the Neolithic period preceding the invention of pottery. According to the latest excavations, it is a city of Sidon, the oldest city of the time. He was the main port city of the Mediterranean, and in his writings Homer praised the skill and knowledge of its masters.
The entire ancient world admired the skill and mastery of women’s embroidery production and purple glass. In addition, it is migrants from Sidon built the city of Tyre. In consequence, Tyre has become a huge city, creating competition Sidon. Subsequently, these cities are constantly competing for the title of metropolis of Phoenicia. Not so long ago, in the ruins of the old city it was found the sarcophagus of an ancient king Eshmunazara II. They found the same inscriptions, he was the king of Sidon, since the beginning of V to IV century BC. e., and his mother was a priestess of Astarte, the goddess of Sidon. The main gods of Sidon at the time was Baal Sidon and Eshmunu.
During the entire existence of the city, before the arrival of Christianity, the city many times conquered the Greeks, the Assyrians, the Egyptians, the Babylonians and the Romans. Even King Herod the Great visited Sidon. The city’s history is quite impressive, yet in the end he did not become part of the current Libya.
For tourists, the city of Sidon is a real gem, in fact there is the sarcophagus of Alexander the Great, Sarcophagus weeping wives and Lycian tombs. All these and many other findings are in the Museum of Archaeology in Istanbul.